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NameDate of BirthDate of DeathShort Biography
Mahmud Shah 1528the ruler of the Sultanate of Malacca from 1488 to 1511, and again as pretender to the throne from 1513 to 1528Edit
Tun Mutahir 1510a famous Bendahara of the Malaccan SultanateEdit
Francisco Serrão 1521a Portuguese explorer and a cousin of Ferdinand MagellanEdit
Faxian 337442a Chinese Buddhist monk who travelled by foot from China to India, visiting many sacred Buddhist sites in what are now Xinjiang, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka between 399-412 to acquire Buddhist texts.Edit
Xuanzang 602664a Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveller, and translator who travelled to India in the sixth century and described the interaction between Chinese Buddhism and Indian Buddhism during the early Tang dynasty.Edit
Marco Polo 12541324an Italian merchant, explorer, and writer, born in the Republic of Venice.Edit
Muhammad Ibn Battuta 13041369a Moroccan scholar who widely traveled the medieval world.Edit
Zheng He 13711435a Chinese mariner, explorer, diplomat, fleet admiral, and court eunuch during China's early Ming dynastyEdit
Hong Bao 14121433a Chinese eunuch sent on overseas diplomatic missions during the reigns of the Yongle Emperor and Xuande Emperor in the Ming dynasty.Edit
Francisco de Almeida 14501510a Portuguese nobleman, soldier and explorerEdit
Christopher Columbus 14511506an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizerEdit
Afonso de Albuquerque 14531515a Portuguese general, a "great conqueror", a statesman, and an empire builder.Edit
Amerigo Vespucci 14541512an Italian explorer, financier, navigator and cartographerEdit
Vasco da Gama 14601524a Portuguese explorer and the first European to reach India by seaEdit
Diogo Lopes de Sequeira 14651530a Portuguese fidalgo, sent to analyze the trade potential in Madagascar and MalaccaEdit
Ludovico di Varthema 14701517an Italian traveller, diarist and aristocrat known for being the first non-Muslim European to enter Mecca as a pilgrimEdit
Francisco Pizarro 14741541a Spanish conquistador who led an expedition that conquered the Inca Empire. He captured and killed Incan emperor Atahualpa, and claimed the lands for Spain.Edit
Ferdinand Magellan 14801521a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth, completed by Juan Sebastián ElcanoEdit
Hernán Cortés 14851547a Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of what is now mainland Mexico under the rule of the King of Castile in the early 16th centuryEdit
Luis de Almeida 15251583a Portuguese surgeon, merchant and missionary of the Society of Jesus in Japan. He is credited for establishing the first "western" hospital in Japan.Edit
Sir Francis Drake 15401596an English sea captain, privateer, slave trader, naval officer and explorer of the Elizabethan era.Edit
Henry Hudson 1565an English sea explorer and navigator during the early 17th century, best known for his explorations of present-day Canada and parts of the northeastern United States.Edit
John Smith 15801631an English soldier, explorer, colonial governor, Admiral of New England, and authorEdit
Captain James Cook 17281779a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the Royal Navy.Edit
Charles Willson Peale 17411827an American painter, soldier, scientist, inventor, politician and naturalist.Edit
Sir Alexander Mackenzie 17641820a Scottish explorerEdit
William Clark 17701838an American explorer, soldier, Indian agent, and territorial governor.Edit
Meriwether Lewis 17741809an American explorer, soldier, politician, and public administrator, best known for his role as the leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, also known as the Corps of Discovery, with William Clark.Edit
John Leyden 17751811a Scottish orientalistEdit
Lady Hester Stanhope 17761839a British socialite, adventurer and travellerEdit
Roderick Murchison 17921871a British geologist who first described and investigated the Silurian systemEdit
Charles Darwin 18091882an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.Edit
David Livingstone 18131873a Scottish Christian Congregationalist, pioneer medical missionary with the London Missionary Society, an explorer in Africa, and one of the most popular British heroes of the late-19th-century Victorian eraEdit
Robert O'Hara Burke 18211861an Irish soldier and police officer who achieved fame as an Australian explorerEdit
Samuel Baker 18211893an English explorer, officer, naturalist, big game hunter, engineer, writer and abolitionistEdit
Richard Francis Burton 18211890a British explorer, geographer, translator, writer, soldier, orientalist, cartographer, ethnologist, spy, linguist, poet, fencer, and diplomat.Edit
James Augustus Grant 18271892a Scottish explorer of eastern equatorial AfricaEdit
John Hanning Speke 18271864an English explorer and officer in the British Indian Army who made three exploratory expeditions to AfricaEdit
Colin Archer 18321921a Norwegian naval architect and shipbuilder from Larvik, Norway. He was known for building safe and durable ships including the Fram used in both Fridtjof Nansen's and Roald Amundsen's polar expeditions.Edit
William John Wills 18341861a British surveyor who also trained as a surgeonEdit
Henry Morton Stanley 18411904a Welsh journalist and explorer who was famous for his exploration of central Africa and his search for missionary and explorer David LivingstoneEdit
Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza 18521905an Italian explorerEdit
Fridtjof Nansen 18611930a Norwegian explorer, scientist, diplomat, humanitarian, and Nobel Peace Prize laureateEdit
Baron Adrien de Gerlache 18661934Baron Adrien Victor Joseph de Gerlache de Gomery (2 August 1866 – 4 December 1934) was an officer in the Belgian Royal Navy who led the Belgian Antarctic Expedition of 1897–99.Edit
Gertrude Bell 18681926an English writer, traveller, political officer, administrator, and archaeologist who explored, mapped, and became highly influential to British imperial policy-makingEdit
Roald Amundsen 18721928a Norwegian explorer of polar regionsEdit
Sir Ernest Shackleton 18741922a polar explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic, and one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration.Edit
Harriet Chalmers Adams 18751937an American explorer, writer and photographer.Edit
Umberto Nobile 18851978an Italian aviator, aeronautical engineer and Arctic explorer. Nobile was a developer and promoter of semi-rigid airships during the period between the two World Wars.Edit
Thomas Edward Lawrence 18881935a British archaeologist, military officer, diplomat, and writerEdit
Dame Freya Stark 18931993a British-Italian explorer and travel writerEdit
Charles Lindbergh 19021974an American aviator, military officer, author, inventor, explorer, and environmental activistEdit
Evelyn Waugh 19031966an English writer of novels, biographies and travel books.Edit
Neil Armstrong 19302012an American astronaut and aeronautical engineer who was the first person to walk on the Moon.Edit