Hudson’s first two voyages in search of a Northeast Passage were aboard the Hopewell. The Hopewell was a Muscovy Company ship and had already made several major voyages in the Atlantic Ocean and Baltic Sea. The Hopewell was a bark, a small wooden sailing ship with three masts. She had square rigged sails as opposed to triangular ones, which were more common on sloops and ships operating in smaller bodies of water. For Hudson’s first voyage, the Hopewell carried a crew of twelve and on his second she carried fourteen. On both voyages the Hopewell had to contend with ice, freezing of her masts and sails, and the danger posed by sailing into the unknown. After Hudson’s second voyage, Hopewell vanishes in history and her fate remains unknown. Most likely, the
Hopewell was sent to serve in other areas of the burgeoning British Empire.
According to another source:
The company selected the Hopewell, a three-year-old, square-rigged 80-ton ship with three masts, for Hudson to command. She had already made six major voyages: two through the Baltic, and four to Portugal. She was a 'bark' (barque - a small sailing ship with three masts) with two principal masts and a smaller foremast. Barques were generally used as small merchant and coastal vessels, ranging from fully lateen rigged to square rigged ships. These ships usually did not exceed 300 tons, and sometimes had oars to propel them through poor winds or into the eye of the wind.
|Name||Date of Birth||Date of Death||Short Biography|
|Henry Hudson ||1565||an English sea explorer and navigator during the early 17th century, best known for his explorations of present-day Canada and parts of the northeastern United States.|